Abelmoschus moschatus

Medik. (1787)

This name is accepted

Kingdom: Viridiplantae Phylum: Magnoliophyta Class/Clade: Eudicot-Rosids Order: Malvales Family: Malvaceae Genus: Abelmoschus

muskmallow

Description

Key Characters:

Growth Form: Erect perennial herbs or subshrubs 2–3(–4) m tall.

Stems: Stems usually hispid, the hairs simple, appressed or retrorse.

Roots:

Leaves: Leaves simple. Alternate. Blades basically orbicular in outline, up to 30 cm wide, shallowly to deeply 3–lobed, 5–lobed, or 7–lobed or parted, the divisions deltate to oblong–lanceolate. Surfaces sparsely hirsute. Margins coarsely serrate to dentate. Petiolate. Stipules present.

Flowers: Flowers solitary in the leaf axils or in racemes; pedicels short, not articulate, involucel of 4–16 bracts, these sometimes connate basally, caducous or persistent. Involucral bracts usually 6–10 linear to lanceolate, 9–15(–25) mm long, 1–2.5(–5) mm wide, usually persistent to early fruit. Flowers bisexual (perfect). Calyx (1–)1.8–3.5 cm long, spathaceous, 5-toothed, sometimes irregularly cleft or truncate, the lobes valvate in bud, splitting longitudinally at anthesis and later deciduous with the corolla and staminal column. Corolla funnelform, actinomorphic to moderately zygomorphic; 5 petals, obovate, yellow, purple–spotted at base, (4–)7–9 cm long, distinct from each other but adnate at base to staminal column, convolute in bud. Stamens 5 to numerous, monadelphous, forming a staminal column, staminal column included; antheriferous from near base to below the 5–toothed apex; filaments terminating the staminal column or borne below a 5-dentate apex; anthers monothecal. Pollen globose, echinate. Ovary superior, 5-celled; ovules numerous per cell, the carpels borne in a single whorl or rarely seemingly superposed whorls, placentation axile; ovules numerous per cell, ascending to pendulous; style shortly 5–branched; stigmas terminal, peltate.

Fruit: Loculicidally dehiscent; usually elongate capsules; dark brown to black; ovoid to oblong; terete (cylindrical) or slightly angled; 5–8 cm long; usually hispid. Seeds reniform–ovoid; usually striate pubescent; 3–4 mm long; with or without endosperm.

Ploidy: 2n = 72

Habitat:

Elevation Range:

Historical Distribution

Uses and Culture

USES

Natural History

Statewide Status

Potentially Naturalizing

Island Status

Kaua'i Potentially Naturalizing
O'ahu Only found in cultivation

Dispersal Agents


Pollinators

Notes

  • Description digitized by Ikaika Mendez
  • Description digitized from the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii
  • Native to India and southeastern Asia, New Guinea, and northern Australia, cultivated for stem fibers, seeds and occasionally as an ornament.
  • Unknown

Bibliography

Name Published In: Malvenfam.: 46 (1787)

Other References

Wagner et al. 1990:870 (K [single coll., Hanap?p? Valley, 1895]); Staples & Herbst 2005:383 (KEY), 384 (DESCR)

Occurrences

SNo. Scientific Name Scientific Name Authorship Locality Habitat Basis of Record Recorded By Record Number Island Source Date
1 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. Hanapepe River, near the falls PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Heller, A.A. 2553 Kauai BISH 1895-00-00
2 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. W Maui, Lahaina District, Alaeloa Cultivated PRESERVED_SPECIMEN C. R. Annable 3696 Maui HAPI 8/9/1997
3 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. lyon arboretum Greenhouse PRESERVED_SPECIMEN nagata, k.m. collector number: 3426 Oahu BISH 12/23/1985
4 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. flower light lemon-yellow, base of petals and stigma deep maroon PRESERVED_SPECIMEN carter, w. Oahu BISH 2/3/1941
5 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. - PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Heller, A.A. 2553 HAPI
6 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. Flower light lemon-yellow, base of petals and stigma deep maroon PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Carter, W. s.n. Oahu BISH 2/3/1941
7 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. waimea arboretum & botanical garden, 59-864 kamehameha hwy, hulu area Cultivated PRESERVED_SPECIMEN c. r. annable 3696 NY 8/9/1997
8 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. Waimea Arboretum & Botanical Garden, 59-864 Kamehameha Hwy, Hulu area Cultivated PRESERVED_SPECIMEN C. R. Annable 3696 NY 8/9/1997
9 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. hanapepe river, near the falls PRESERVED_SPECIMEN heller, a.a. collector number: 2553 Kauai BISH 1895-10-21
10 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. along the hanapepe river, near the falls PRESERVED_SPECIMEN a. a. heller 2553 Kauai US 1895-07-02
11 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. Along the Hanapepe River, near the falls PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Heller, A. A. 2553 Kauai US 1895-00-00
12 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. Along the Hanapepe River, near the Falls. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN A. A. Heller 2553 Kauai PTBG 1895-10-21
13 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. Collected on the Island of Kauai, along the Hanapepe River, near the falls. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Heller, A.A. 2553 AVH 1895-07-12
14 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. Lyon Arboretum Greenhouse PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Nagata, K.M. 3426 Oahu BISH 12/23/1985
15 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. Hanapepe River, near the falls PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Heller, A.A. 2553 Kauai BISH 1895-00-00
16 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. W Maui, Lahaina District, Alaeloa Cultivated PRESERVED_SPECIMEN C. R. Annable 3696 Maui HAPI 8/9/1997
17 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. lyon arboretum Greenhouse PRESERVED_SPECIMEN nagata, k.m. collector number: 3426 Oahu BISH 12/23/1985
18 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. flower light lemon-yellow, base of petals and stigma deep maroon PRESERVED_SPECIMEN carter, w. Oahu BISH 2/3/1941
19 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. - PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Heller, A.A. 2553 HAPI
20 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. Flower light lemon-yellow, base of petals and stigma deep maroon PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Carter, W. s.n. Oahu BISH 2/3/1941
21 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. waimea arboretum & botanical garden, 59-864 kamehameha hwy, hulu area Cultivated PRESERVED_SPECIMEN c. r. annable 3696 NY 8/9/1997
22 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. Waimea Arboretum & Botanical Garden, 59-864 Kamehameha Hwy, Hulu area Cultivated PRESERVED_SPECIMEN C. R. Annable 3696 NY 8/9/1997
23 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. hanapepe river, near the falls PRESERVED_SPECIMEN heller, a.a. collector number: 2553 Kauai BISH 1895-10-21
24 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. along the hanapepe river, near the falls PRESERVED_SPECIMEN a. a. heller 2553 Kauai US 1895-07-02
25 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. Along the Hanapepe River, near the falls PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Heller, A. A. 2553 Kauai US 1895-00-00
26 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. Along the Hanapepe River, near the Falls. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN A. A. Heller 2553 Kauai PTBG 1895-10-21
27 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. Collected on the Island of Kauai, along the Hanapepe River, near the falls. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Heller, A.A. 2553 AVH 1895-07-12
28 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. Lyon Arboretum Greenhouse PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Nagata, K.M. 3426 Oahu BISH 12/23/1985