Abutilon menziesii

Seem. (1865)

This name is accepted

Kingdom: Viridiplantae Phylum: Magnoliophyta Class/Clade: Eudicot-Rosids Order: Malvales Family: Malvaceae Genus: Abutilon

ko‘oloa ‘ula [kooloaula]

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Description

Key Characters:

Growth Form: Diffusely branched shrubs (or trees) up to 2(–3) m tall, closely velvety stellate pubescent.

Stems:

Roots:

Leaves: Leaves simple. Alternate. Blades deeply cordate–ovate, 3–10(–14) cm long, sometimes angulately 3–lobed. Apex acute to long-acuminate. Surfaces stellate pubescent. Margins finely to coarsely crenate to serrate. Petioles 2.5–5(–8) cm long. Stipules usually present.

Flowers: Flowers solitary in the leaf axils, pendulous, pedicels 2.5–3.5(–5) cm long, articulate, involucel absent. Flowers bisexual (perfect). Calyx campanulate to cup-shaped, 1.1–1.7(–2.2) cm long, glabrate or densely pubescent, lobes 5, sometimes remaining joined in twos or threes, reflexed, valvate in bud. Corolla actinomorphic to moderately zygomorphic, rotate to reflexed, corolla of 5 petals, obovate, maroon grading to yellow basally, unguiculate, emarginate, 1.5–2.5 cm long, convolute in bud. Stamens 5 to numerous, monadelphous, forming a staminal column, staminal column, yellowish, exserted, 2–2.8 cm long, conspicuously antheriferous apically; filaments spreading, 2–3.5 mm long; anthers monothecal. Ovary superior, (1-)3-celled to many-celled, carpels 5 to numerous, borne in a single whorl or rarely seemingly superposed whorls; ovule placentation axile, each with 2-9 ovules in a vertical row; style branches maroon, exceeding the staminal column, branches as many as carpels; stigmas terminal, capitate.

Fruit: Schizocarps; often tardily separating and appearing capsular; pale brown; cylindrical; 8-10(-13) mm long; closely pubescent; mericarps (6)7-8; oblong; apiculate or short-spined; lateral walls usually smooth; loculicidally dehiscent in upper 1/2. Seeds 3 per mericarp; dark brown; reniform; 2–2.5 mm long; striate papillate and striate stellulate pubescent; with or without endosperm.

Ploidy: 2n = 28*

Habitat: Uncommon and local in dry forest.

Elevation Range: 200–520 m.

Historical Distribution

Uses and Culture

USES

PROPAGATION/CULTIVATION

  • The hard seed capsule of Abutilon menziesii is pale brown, fuzzy, and 3/8 inch long. It contains 18 to 24 small, dark brown seeds. When the capsule opens, the seeds are scattered by the wind shaking the plant. of Abutilon menziesii hybridizes with other species of Abutilon so collect seeds from plants that are distant from other Abutilon species.
  • If seeds do not shake out of the dry capsule, the capsule can be opened with a knife and the seeds removed. Abutilon sp. have a high germination rate (95%). Koob does not recommend soaking the seeds, but most other sources state that soaking shortens the germination time from 3 to 6 months for untreated seed to 2 to 4 weeks for soaked seeds. Soaking recommendations vary from 1 to 24 hours using either room temperature or hot water. Soak the seeds until they sink and disgard any floaters.
  • Sow seeds on the surface or up to 1/4 inch deep in a well-draining medium such as 3 parts #2 perlite to 1 part #4 Sunshine Mix or 1 part peat to 1 part perlite to 1 part soil. Koob suggests potting mix. Keep the medium moist but not wet and put the containers in part shade until the seeds germinate.
  • Seed should be dried before being stored. Storage recommendations vary; silica gel and refrigeration may improve the length of time seeds remain viable. Koob states that seeds in cold storage are viable for several years though they may take longer to germinate than fresh seed does. (Bornhorst 1996; Koob 2000; Stratton 1998; Wagner 1990)
  • Abutilon menziesii can be grown from cuttings, but it is difficult. (Koob 2000)
  • Abutilon menziesii can be grown by air-layering. (Bornhorst 1996) [Data from Herring, E. C., & Criley, R. A. (2003). The Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Web Site: Developing a Webbased Information Resource. HortTechnology, 13(3), 545-548. https://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/hawnprop/]

Ethnobotanical Images

Natural History

Statewide Status

Endemic

Island Status

Kaua'i Only found in cultivation
O'ahu Endemic
Lana'i Endemic
Maui Endemic
Hawai'i Endemic

Dispersal Agents


Pollinators

Notes

  • 200-520 m
  • A collection from an abandoned cane-field at 'Ewa, O'ahu, made in 1981 probably represents an escape from cultivation
  • At that time all cultivated plants were descended from the Puako, Hawai'i, popula-tion; this population was later destroyed by cattle during an unusually dry year. More Recently the Lāna'i plants were brought into cultivation. Hillebrand (1888) recognized a Lydgate Collection from Lāna'i varietally (B), but no distinction is made here, although specimens from Lāna'i have densely pubescent calyces, pale corollas, and large mericarps. This species has been federally listed as endangered It is also known as Ko'oloa'ula
  • Description digitized by Ellena Ruiz
  • Description digitized from the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii

Bibliography

Name Published In: Fl. Vit.: 15 (1865)

Other References

Wagner et al. 1990:873 (O? [single coll. in 1981 from abandoned ‘Ewa canefield], L, M, H); Herbarium Pacificum Staff 1999:4 (O? [additional seemingly wild O‘ahu colls.]); Staples & Herbst 2005:383, 385 (KEY), 385 (DESCR); Oppenheimer 2011:8 (WM)

Occurrences

SNo. Scientific Name Scientific Name Authorship Locality Habitat Basis of Record Recorded By Record Number Island Source Date
1 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Erythrina lowland mesic forest. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN K. R. Wood 324 Maui PTBG 5/1/1990
2 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information In Dodonaea viscosa lowland dry shrubland. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Steve Perlman 5906 Lanai PTBG 5/26/1987
3 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Lorence, D. H.; Harder, D. 8169 Kauai US 12/8/1997
4 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Augello, J. B.; Morenberg, C.; Szab�, M. 63 Oahu US 8/13/1997
5 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN K. R. Wood 8931 Lanai PTBG 5/3/2001
6 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Wood, K. R.; Perlman, S. P. 324 Maui US 1/1/1990
7 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN s. p. perlman, b. hobdy & a. medeiros 6692 Kauai US 10/28/1987
8 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Wood, K. R. 5132 Maui US 4/23/1996
9 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Perlman, S. P.; Hobdy, B.; Medeiros, A. 6692 Maui US 10/28/1987
10 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Perlman, S. P.; Montgomery, S. 5906 Lanai US 5/26/1987
11 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Chapin, M. H.; Manoi, L. 46 Kauai US 8/20/1998
12 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN k. r. wood & s. p. perlman 324 Kauai US 1/1/1990
13 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Forbes, C. N. 506.L Lanai US 9/17/2020
14 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN s. p. perlman, s. middleton & d. liittschwager 16587 Oahu US 5/11/1999
15 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN D. H. Lorence & D. Harder 8169 Kauai US 12/8/1997
16 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Perlman, S. P.; Middleton, S.; Liittschwager, D. 16587 Lanai US 5/11/1999
17 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN r. palmer & d. orr 812 Lanai US 3/18/2004
18 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN k. r. wood & s. p. perlman 324 Oahu US 5/1/1990
19 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN d. h. lorence & d. harder 8169 Kauai US 12/8/1997
20 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN k. r. wood 5132 Maui US 4/23/1996
21 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN m. chapin & l. manoi 46 Kauai US 8/20/1998
22 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN w. char, n. balakrishnan, e. funk & p. higashino 79.013 Oahu US 2/10/1979
23 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN c. n. forbes 506.l Lanai US
24 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN s. p. perlman & s. montgomery 5906 Lanai US 5/26/1987
25 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Char, W.; Balakrishnan, N. P.; Funk, E.; Higashino, P. 79.013 Oahu US 2/10/1979
26 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN hobdy, r.w. collector number: 1930 Kauai US 2/1/1984
27 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN a. judd s.n. Oahu US 1/18/1934
28 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN hobdy, r.w. collector number: 1927 Oahu US 2/1/1984
29 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Palmer, R.; Orr, D. 812 Lanai US 3/18/2004
30 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Judd, A. F. s.n. Oahu US 1/18/1934
31 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN s. p. perlman & s. montgomery 5906 Lanai US 5/26/1987
32 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information In partial shade. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Lau, J. 1149 Oahu BISH 6/27/1985
33 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Dry Panicum maximum-dominated grassland with Leucaena leucocephala, Sida fallax, Lipochaeta lavarum. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Imada, C.T. 2003-11 Lanai BISH 6/16/2003
34 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Yamaki, C. s.n. Oahu BISH 9/17/1984
35 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Hobdy, R.W. 2532 Maui BISH 3/1/1986
36 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Associated with Prosopis and Sida. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN funk, e.j. collector number: s.n. Hawaii BISH 1/28/1991
37 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN yamaki, c. collector number: s.n. Oahu BISH 9/17/1984
38 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information In Erythrina sandwicensis lowland dry forest. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Steve Perlman 15343 Maui PTBG 4/23/1996
39 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN hobdy, r.w. collector number: 2044 Oahu BISH 3/24/1984
40 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN j. augello, c. morenberg & m. szabó 63 Oahu US 8/13/1997
41 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Judd Jr., A.F. s.n. Oahu BISH 2/1/1934
42 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Perlman, S. P.; Montgomery, S. 5906 Lanai US 5/26/1987
43 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information On steep, N slope of intermittent stream. Vegetation: Erythrina, Leucaena, Panicum maximum, Cenchrus ciliaris, Sida, Merremia aegyptia, Sicyos, Lantana, Melanthera, Plumbago, Lipochaeta, Aleurites, A. grandifolium, Myoporum, Achyranthes splendens. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Oppenheimer, H.L. 40924 Maui BISH 4/17/2009
44 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Takeuchi, W.N. 1901 Oahu BISH 1/1/1985
45 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Bennett, T. PRC42 Oahu BISH 1/30/1982
46 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Partially shaded. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Lau, J. 2579 Oahu BISH 6/30/1986
47 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Hobdy, R.W. 1927 Hawaii BISH 2/1/1984
48 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Hobdy, R.W. 1930 Maui BISH 2/1/1984
49 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN moribe, j. collector number: s.n. Oahu BISH 1/30/1996
50 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Hobdy, R.W. 1930 Maui BISH 2/1/1984
51 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN pukui, m.k. collector number: s.n. Hawaii BISH 8/8/1930
52 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN takeuchi, w.n. collector number: 1901 Oahu BISH 1/1/1985
53 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Growing in assoc. with Diospyros-Metrosideros dry forest PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Spence, G. 31 Oahu BISH 3/19/1972
54 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN hobdy, r.w. collector number: 1967 Lanai BISH 2/18/1984
55 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Shrub 1.5 m with diffuse-spreading habit. Leaves pale gray-green. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN lorence, d.h. harder, d. collector number: 8169 Kauai BISH 12/8/1997
56 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Hobdy, R.W. 1929 Maui BISH 2/1/1984
57 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN K. R. Wood & S. P. Perlman 324 F 5/1/1990
58 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Ca. 25 plants scattered over 100 acres in abandoned sugar cane fields. In company with Abutilon incanum, Sida fallax, Waltheria & Chloris. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Nagata, K.M. 4433 Oahu BISH 9/27/1996
59 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Hobdy, R.W. 1925 Maui BISH 2/1/1984
60 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Munro, G.C. s.n. Lanai BISH 12/27/1913
61 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Abandoned cane field. Associated spp: Desmanthus virgatus, Sida fallax, koa-hoale. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN char, w.p. collector number: 81.002 Oahu BISH 1/23/1981
62 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Hobdy, R.W. 1967 Lanai BISH 2/18/1984
63 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Associated with Prosopis and Sida. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Funk, E.J. s.n. Hawaii BISH 1/28/1991
64 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN judd jr., a.f. hosaka, e.y. collector number: 2434 Oahu BISH 12/10/1938
65 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Munro, G.C. 6 Lanai BISH 5/28/1927
66 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN munro, g.c. collector number: 024 Lanai BISH 8/8/1913
67 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Degraded alien vegetation with Sida fallax, Dodnaea viscosa, Panimum maximum, Lantana camare, Leucaena leucocephala PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Perlman, S. 23284 Lanai BISH 2/6/2013
68 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN hobdy, r.w. collector number: 1928 Maui BISH 2/4/1984
69 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Munro, G.C. s.n. Lanai BISH 12/27/1913
70 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Shrub 1.5 m with diffuse-spreading habit. Leaves pale gray-green. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Lorence, D.H. 8169 Kauai BISH 12/8/1997
71 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Ca. 25 plants scattered over 100 acres in abandoned sugar cane fields. In company with Abutilon incanum, Sida fallax, Waltheria & Chloris. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN nagata, k.m. collector number: 4433 Oahu BISH 9/27/1996
72 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Dry Panicum maximum-dominated grassland with Leucaena leucocephala, Sida fallax, Lipochaeta lavarum. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN imada, c.t. jansen, s. collector number: 2003-11 Lanai BISH 6/16/2003
73 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Munro, G.C. 669 Lanai BISH 6/18/1918
74 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Hobdy, R.W. 1928 Maui BISH 2/4/1984
75 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Shaded by kiawe trees (Prosopis). Habitat dry, elevated from the winter wet lower gullies. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN obata, j.k. collector number: d. orr's v50 Oahu BISH 2/27/1996
76 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN hobdy, r.w. collector number: 1930 Lanai BISH 2/1/1984
77 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Abandoned cane field. Associated spp: Desmanthus virgatus, Sida fallax, koa-hoale. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Char, W.P. 81.002 Oahu BISH 1/23/1981
78 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN munro, g.c. collector number: s.n. Lanai BISH 12/27/1913
79 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Munro, G.C. 110 Lanai BISH 8/1/1913
80 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Shaded by kiawe trees (Prosopis). Habitat dry, elevated from the winter wet lower gullies. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Obata, J.K. D. Orr's V50 Oahu BISH 2/27/1996
81 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information moist gulch in Acacia koa forest PRESERVED_SPECIMEN munro, g.c. collector number: s.n. Hawaii BISH 2/17/1919
82 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information In Dodonaea viscosa lowland dry shrubland with Prosopis, Sida, Leucaena about 35 plants counted in area. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN perlman, s.p. montgomery, s. collector number: 5906 Lanai BISH 5/26/1987
83 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Hobdy, R.W. 1926 Maui BISH 2/1/1984
84 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Assoc. with Prosopis & Sida. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN funk, e.j. collector number: s.n. Hawaii BISH 1/28/1991
85 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Munro, G.C. 24 Lanai BISH 8/1/1913
86 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information shelves and holes in cliff PRESERVED_SPECIMEN munro, g.c. collector number: 006 Nihoa BISH 5/28/1927
87 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN wood, k.r. collector number: 5132 Hawaii BISH 4/23/1996
88 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN lyon, m.f. collector number: s.n. Oahu BISH 4/25/1935
89 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN forbes, c.n. collector number: 506.l Lanai BISH 9/1/1917
90 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information In degraded veg. turning to alien beg. with Dodonaea viscosa, Sida fallax, Leucaena leucocephala, Cenchrus ciliaris, and Prosopis pallida PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Perlman, S. 16587 Lanai BISH 5/11/1999
91 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Dry Panicum maximum-dominated grassland with Leucaena leucocephala, Sida fallax, Lipochaeta lavarum. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Imada, C.T. Jansen, S. Collector Number: 2003-11 Lanai BISH 6/16/2003
92 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN hobdy, r.w. medeiros, a.c. collector number: 2533 Maui BISH 3/1/1986
93 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN munro, g.c. collector number: s.n. Lanai BISH 12/27/1913
94 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Hobdy, R.W. 2533 Maui BISH 3/1/1986
95 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN hobdy, r.w. collector number: 1926 Maui BISH 2/1/1984
96 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Cultivated in native Hawaiian plants section. Endangered. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Lorence, D.H. Harder, D. Collector Number: 8169 Kauai BISH 12/8/1997
97 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information At least 10 seen in a 10 acre area in abandoned sugar cane fields with Abutilon incanum, Sida, Waltheria & Chloris. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Nagata, K.M. 4439 Oahu BISH 10/3/1996
98 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN munro, g.c. collector number: 305 Lanai BISH 3/29/1928
99 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Munro, G.C. 305 Lanai BISH 3/29/1928
100 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN munro, g.c. collector number: 110 Lanai BISH 8/8/1913
101 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN munro, g.c. collector number: s.n. Lanai BISH 2/17/1919
102 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information In area, native veg. mostly on aa lava flows, in Erythrina sandwicensis lowland dry forest with Reynoldsia sandwicensis, Nesoluma polynesicum, Sida fallax, Chenopodium oahuense, Achyranthes splendens var. splendens, Diospyros sandwicensis, Nototrichium sandwicensis, Rauvolfia sandwicensis, Chamaesyce, Myoporum, Capparis, Acacia koaia, Prosopis. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN perlman, s.p. hobdy, r.; medeiros, a. collector number: 6692 Maui BISH 10/28/1987
103 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Partially shaded. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN lau, j. collector number: 2579 Oahu BISH 6/30/1986
104 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Growing in assoc. with Diospyros-Metrosideros dry forest PRESERVED_SPECIMEN spence, g. collector number: 31 Oahu BISH 3/19/1972
105 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information In degraded veg. turning to alien beg. with Dodonaea viscosa, Sida fallax, Leucaena leucocephala, Cenchrus ciliaris, and Prosopis pallida PRESERVED_SPECIMEN perlman, s.p. middleton, s.; liittschwager, d. collector number: 16587 Lanai BISH 5/11/1999
106 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN munro, g.c. collector number: 326 Lanai BISH 9/3/1914
107 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information At least 10 seen in a 10 acre area in abandoned sugar cane fields with Abutilon incanum, Sida, Waltheria & Chloris. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN nagata, k.m. collector number: 4439 Oahu BISH 10/3/1996
108 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN lau, j. collector number: 1149 Kauai BISH 6/27/1985
109 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information In area, native veg. mostly on aa lava flows, in Erythrina sandwicensis lowland dry forest with Reynoldsia sandwicensis, Nesoluma polynesicum, Sida fallax, Chenopodium oahuense, Achyranthes splendens var. splendens, Diospyros sandwicensis, Nototrichium sandwicensis, Rauvolfia sandwicensis, Chamaesyce, Myoporum, Capparis, Acacia koaia, Prosopis. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Perlman, S. 6692 Maui BISH 10/28/1987
110 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Ground in a clearing between kiawe with a dense growth of Sida. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Hobdy, R.W. 2044 Maui BISH 3/24/1984
111 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN hobdy, r.w. medeiros, a.c. collector number: 2532 Maui BISH 3/1/1986
112 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Munro, G.C. 326 Lanai BISH 9/3/1914
113 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Five plants in a cluster, the tallest 10 ft. tall, on level ground in a clearing between kiawe with a dense growth of Sida. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN hobdy, r.w. collector number: 2044 Maui BISH 3/24/1984
114 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Degraded alien vegetation with Sida fallax, Dodnaea viscosa, Panimum maximus, Lantana camare, Leucaena leucocephala, Casuarina eqquisetifolia PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Perlman, S. 23286 Lanai BISH 2/7/2013
115 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Erythrina sandwicensis, Sida fallax, Capparis sandwichiana, Chenopodium, Waltheria, Argemone glauca, Sicyos hispidus, Nototrichium PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Wood, K.R. 5132 Maui BISH 4/23/1996
116 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Cultivated in native Hawaiian plants section. Endangered. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN lorence, d.h. harder, d. collector number: 8169 Kauai BISH 12/8/1997
117 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN bennett, t. collector number: prc42 Oahu BISH 1/30/1982
118 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Goto, B. s.n. Hawaii BISH 5/1/1971
119 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN munro, g.c. collector number: 264 Lanai BISH 1/20/1928
120 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Lyon, M.F. s.n. Oahu BISH 4/25/1935
121 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN judd jr., a.f. rankin, p. collector number: s.n. Oahu BISH 2/1/1934
122 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Fosberg, F.R. 64298 Oahu BISH 3/23/1984
123 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN munro, g.c. collector number: 669 Lanai BISH 6/18/1918
124 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Five plants in a cluster, the tallest 10 ft. tall, on level ground in a clearing between kiawe with a dense growth of Sida. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Hobdy, R.W. 2044 Maui BISH 3/24/1984
125 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN hillebrand, w.b. lydgate, j.m. collector number: 105 Lanai BISH
126 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN fosberg, f.r. collector number: 64298 Oahu BISH 3/23/1984
127 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN hobdy, r.w. collector number: 2470 Maui BISH 12/1/1985
128 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN hobdy, r.w. collector number: 1925 Maui BISH 2/1/1984
129 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information In Dodonaea viscosa lowland dry shrubland with Prosopis, Sida, Leucaena about 35 plants counted in area. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Perlman, S. 5906 Lanai BISH 5/26/1987
130 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Pukui, M.K. s.n. Hawaii BISH 4/13/1905
131 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Munro, G.C. 264 Lanai BISH 1/20/1928
132 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Forbes, C.N. 506.L Lanai BISH 9/1/1917
133 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN d. h. lorence & d. k. harder 8169 F 12/8/1997
134 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN D. H. Lorence & D. K. Harder 8169 F 12/8/1997
135 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN waimea arboretum waimea arboretum s.n. #3 MO 9/15/1997
136 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN waimea arboretum waimea arboretum s.n. #2 MO 9/15/1997
137 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN k. r. wood 5132 NY 4/23/1996
138 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Erythrinia sandwicensis Lowland Dry forest w/ alien vegetation; Native species: Sida fallax, Capparis sandwichiana, Chenopodium, Waltheria, Argemone glauca, Sicyos hispidus, Nototrichium PRESERVED_SPECIMEN K. R. Wood 5132 NY 4/23/1996
139 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Joel Lau 1149 Oahu PTBG 6/27/1985
140 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information In degraded native dry shrubland. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Steve Perlman 16595 Lanai PTBG 5/12/1999
141 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Degraded alien vegetation PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Steve Perlman 23286 Lanai PTBG 2/7/2013
142 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information In low moist ground in deep grass. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN F. R. Fosberg 66035 Lanai PTBG 1/20/1991
143 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Erythrina sandwicensis Lowland Dry Forest w/ alien vegitation. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN K. R. Wood 5132 Maui PTBG 4/23/1996
144 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Native vegetation mostly on a'a lava flows, in Erythrina sandwicensis lowland dry forest. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Steve Perlman 6692 Maui PTBG 10/28/1987
145 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Lowland dry flat grassland. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN K. R. Wood 335 Lanai PTBG 5/14/1990
146 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information In degraded veg. turning to alien veg. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Steve Perlman 16587 Lanai PTBG 5/11/1999
147 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Degraded alien vegetation PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Steve Perlman 23284 Lanai PTBG 2/6/2013
148 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Hank Oppenheimer H40924 Maui PTBG 4/17/2009
149 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Cultivated in native Hawaiian plants section. Endangered. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Lorence, D.H. 8169 Kauai BISH 12/8/1997
150 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Judd Jr., A.F. 2434 Oahu BISH 12/10/1938
151 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Hobdy, R.W. 2470 Maui BISH 12/1/1985
152 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN hobdy, r.w. collector number: 1929 Maui BISH 2/1/1984
153 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Leucaena-Dodonaea-Panicum maximum scrub. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Hobdy, R.W. 4040 Lanai BISH 1/18/1990
154 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN goto, b. collector number: s.n. Hawaii BISH 5/1/1971
155 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN k. r. wood 324 NY 5/1/1990
156 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Hillebrand, W.B. 105 Lanai BISH
157 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Cultivated. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN David H. Lorence 8169 Kauai PTBG 12/8/1997
158 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Maui US
159 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Cultivated. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Melany H. Chapin 46 Kauai PTBG 8/20/1998
160 Abutilon menziesii Seem. Contact Bishop Museum Botany department for locality information Cultivated. PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Tim Flynn 4896 Kauai PTBG 2/25/1992